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Sanctuary of Min

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Horus's Temple in Gesy

History of Horus

History Horus the elder

Festival days of Horus

Defending the Kingdom

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Temple of Nun

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HORUS

The name Horus is the Latinised form
of  the Egyptian Hor, which seems to mean "face", and was applied to the falcon -god  of  early invaders of the Nile Valley. The falcon deity was at first a sky-god, the sun and moon being his eyes, and this might explain the name Hor. From being the emblem of a conquering people, the falcon came  to symbolize a warrior-god and victorious leader. Consideration of his pre-eminence in turn led to the belief that the king was his earthly embodiment. This belief later hardened into dogma and the kings took the name of Horus as their own. At the same time, the ruling kings were now followers of Ra, so Horus became identified with the sun. Meanwhile, however, he became identified in the popular mind (as opposed to the state religion)  as the son of  Osiris.


The interaction of those two identifications was the of the same name. Resolutions of the confusion differed in the various cult centres, most fertile source of myth-making for, though in many aspects the two Horuses were quite distinctive, in later times the Egyptians confused the solar Horus and the Osirian god and so at least fifteen important Horus gods can be distinguished. However confused, these  forms can be roughly divided into solar and Osirian according to the parentage ascribed to Horus in the myth. Those in which Horus was the son of Atum or of Ra or of Geb and Nut are solar; while those in which Horus is the son of Isis are Osirian. We shall consider the first solar form of Horus