Judging by its
cemeteries, Qus, north-west of Naqada, ancient Egyptian for Gesa or Gesy,
(Apollinopolis Parva of the Graeco-Roman period) on the opposite bank of the
Nile must have been an important town in the early part of Egyptian history.
This was probably because at that time it served as a point of departure for
expeditions to Wadi Hammamat quarries in the Red Sea. Nowadays only two
pylons of the Ptolemaic temple of Haroeris and Heqet remain.